古物贩运和源问题

Yates,D.和E. Smith(2019年),“古代贩运和源问题”,在J. Milosch和N. Pearce(EDS)收集和出处:多学科方法。伦敦:Rowman&Littlefield。

古物是罕见的,受限的,需求。Because the ownership of antiquities is equated in both European and Asian traditions as tangible evidence of a person’s refinement and cultural achievement, collecting of antiquities has evolved into a pursuit by the wealthy and powerful, and an international market has grown to supply collectors with cultural objects. Although antiquities function as commodities within this market, numerous stakeholders resist this commodification of cultural items, as do local, national, and international heritage law and policy. Within a UNESCO-supported discourse of “heritage of all humankind,” antiquities are seen as almost collective cultural property that should not be bought or sold, but rather held in trust for the benefit of everyone. While local policy varies, nearly all countries restrict or ban outright the unprofessional excavation (looting), sale, private ownership, and export of some or all types of antiquities. These policies are not new, and in some countries strong antiquities protection laws have existed for well over a century. With limited exceptions, there are few pathways for collectors to buy fully legal antiquities, and demand far outweighs the supply.

由于需求量很高,供应低,古地到达国际市场的主要载体是通过抢劫,贩运和非法销售。在过去的二十年中,在过去二十年中销售古物销售的显着研究已经表明,市场几乎完全由缺乏LICIT起源证明的古代。Chippindale和Gill,Brodie,Yates,Gilggggan,Levine和Martínezdeuna等表明,大多数待售的居住在私人收藏中并不伴随着消除被贩运的嫌疑人的出处信息.1许多古代物品对于某些类型的古物,大多数)被出售并没有提供任何物质。由于几乎所有这些非营合古物都没有法律途径来实现市场,并且真正的法律古物几乎总是随附伴随的源文件,可以说没有合理怀疑,所有人都没有:非承诺的古物是非法的方式,他们在某些时候被非法挖掘,出口或进口。然而,尽管市场内的非法性污染了,但这些物品被精英个人公开消耗,他们不认为自己是犯罪分子。

在Rowman&Littlefield网站上提供:https://rowman.com/isbn/9781538127575/collecting-and-provenior-a-multidisciplinare_uplach.