调节“灰色”古物市场:有什么作用,什么不起作用和前进的方式

Yates,D.和D. Berzina(2020),“规范”灰色“古物市场:有什么作用,无论是什么方式,在艺术和古董市场管理的机遇和挑战中。里加:拉脱维亚国家遗产委员会,73-84。

市场演员指的是合法的古物市场和独立的非法市场,但研究的重量表明,供需链条的所有点都有合法性和非法性。古物市场是一个灰色的市场,这使得规范和警察很难。几十年来,市场演员和古物贸易依赖于“自我”或“汽车”监管,声称具有更好的出处销售的物体更好,买家避免可疑卖家,但是,这些声明不受证据和市场不支持警察本身。在本章中,我们将讨论为什么“自我”监管尚未奏效,并提出欧洲的想法,向前迈进,以监管超出进出口控制的思想。Based on the data gathered during European Commission-funded research, we suggest three pathways as a way forward: creating policies that do not rely on market’s “self” regulation, providing new technology for policing that reflect real operational needs, and reconsidering our own role as experts in the maintenance of markets’ greyness. To regulate and police this grey market we need to change our approaches and to support the kind of research and cooperative infrastructure that will allow for innovative practice and policy development.